Publications  


Privileged status of LLCs upon formation applies to insolvency
ILO Newsletter 3. Oktober 2014, Dr. Alexander Isola

In order to facilitate the formation of LLCs, the Tax Amendment Act 2014 introduced a formation privilege in the Limited Liability Companies Act, which reduces shareholders´ risk capital from €35,000 to €10,000 while the privilege applies. This reduction of shareholders´ economic risk also applies in insolvency cases. As a result, shareholders need not pay more where insolvency proceedings are opened within the 10-year period.
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Publications  


Program logic in the field of intellectual property: protectability under Austrian law
Oxford Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice 2014, 16. September 2014

The Supreme Patent and TradeMark Board (SPTB) clarified the status of program logic-a category of invention under s 1(2) of the Utility Model Act-under Austrian law by ruling that it can be protected only if it contains a technical aspect.
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Publications  


Hypo Alpe-Adria-Bank International AG – bail-in on shaky foundations?
ILO Newsletter, 12. September 2014

In 2007 Carinthia sold Hypo Alpe-Adria-Bank International AG (HAA) to BayernLB. In 2009 the bank was nationalised as a result of the financial crisis. Both the sale and the nationalisation are subject to court proceedings. Since 2009, Austria has taken material measures to determine the best way to proceed with HAA, including the Federal Law on Remedial Measures for HAA and a proposed bail-in.
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Kiefernfadenwurm - eine Gefahr für heimische Nadelwälder?
Forstzeitung Nr. 9/2014, 125

Der Kiefernfadenwurm (Bursaphelenchus xylophilus) hat sein Ursprungsgebiet in Nordamerika und ist über Schnittholzimporte und Verpackungsholz nach Japan und Portugal eingeschleppt worden. Er verbreitet sich mittels Vektoren (im Folgenden "Überträger"), meist Borkenkäfern, welche nur geringe Flugdistanzen zurücklegen. In Österreich ist er bisher noch nicht aufgetreten.
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Who pays for employee surveillance by detective?
ILO Newsletter, 27. August 2014

The Supreme Court has upheld a lower court decision which dismissed an employer´s claim that an employee should be liable for surveillance costs incurred by his employer. The decision reminds employers to think twice before incurring costs for detective surveillance of employees, as they can claim those costs from employees only where surveillance confirms misconduct and the misconduct warrants a valid, actionable claim.
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